Most of the badger sightings mentioned here were made at the Strathspey Badger Hide. If you would like to go, click here for booking details.
Locations of sensitive nests and dens are kept deliberately vague for obvious reasons. If you have a bona fide reason for more detail please let me know.
1st to 9th Jan
Mostly spent preparing for our trip to Cambodia and Laos 10 to 26 Jan. Managed to keep up with the bird feeders and make arrangements for while we are away. Various behind the scenes issues with cats and badgers but that's just routine.
10th to 26th Jan
Long, amazing trip to Indo China taking in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and back to Vietnam. Car to Edinburgh, flew to Heathrow, flew to Hanoi, flew to Phnom Penh (Cambodia), by road to Battambang, by road to Siem Reap, flew to Pakse (Laos) flew to Luang Prabang, flew to Hanoi, flew to Heathrow, flew to Edinburgh and finally home by car. The journey home took about 30 hours, after which I felt a bit like this:
Not to worry - nothing that a week's sleep can't fix. I took lots of pictures and video clips so over the next two weeks I put together a short movie - and here it is:
Mon 28th to Thurs 31st Jan
Over the next few days I dealt with empty bird feeders, a backlog of emails (mostly badgers and wildcats) and checked the trail cameras. The capercaillie and the golf club pine marten nestbox cams drew a blank but the feeder cam near the golf club pine marten nestbox was visited by a pine marten so there's hope it'll find the box eventually. I also visited the badger hide where all was well except that the pine marten feeder was empty so I dealt with that and left some peanuts for the badgers too. Still knackered though, and even after several days of rest and early nights I was still falling asleep almost every time I sat down. Getting old! BBC Winter Watch was live on tv from Tues to Fri inclusive; good stuff as usual and it was nice to have Scottish Wildcat Action given positive coverage.
Fri 1st to Sun 10th
On Friday I went by train to Hessilhead for a meeting of the Advisors, Trustees and Staff of Scottish Badgers. An excellent day with lots of great plans for the coming year and beyond. I then spent most of the weekend working on the film already mentioned above; I really enjoyed the process and could cheerfully get into film-making. Having put the film on Facebook and YouTube I then linked to it from Twitter and by email to friends and family. There has been some encouraging feedback so far. I checked the cameras at the golf club but there was not much activity to report. This was probably at least partly due to having set the cameras to low sensitivity, which is recommended for cold weather, but that advice may not be all that clever for our situation. Anyhow, they are now set to high sensitivity and if that fills the cards and empties the batteries it's better than missing some good action. Lots of action at our woodland feeders through the week requiring the topping up of all the feeders. On Tuesday I spent most of the day getting to grips with BTO's new Online Demography system, dubbed DemOn for short. By tea time the nestboxes in Deshar Wood, Milton Loch and our garden had all been entered into the system, leaving just those at the badger hide and the golf club to be done. Bad weather over the next few days thwarted any attempt to finish the job so it'll probably have to be the weekend. Nevertheless there were a couple of notable sightings on Weds and Thurs: a pair of house sparrows were checking out the starling box as a possible nest site and in the woods there were a lot of capercaillie droppings on what we call the caper track. On Friday we were visited by Rowan Aitchieson who is following in his parents' footsteps (John and Mary-Lou) as a film cameraman. Rowan's underwater kelp footage was recently featured in BBC WinterWatch and he is also working for the OneShow in various ways. After a chat, I took Rowan into our woods and left him there cheerfully filming crested tits in the rain. On Saturday the plan was to finalise the nest box set up at the golf club but it did not go well because I did not take all the required tools. We managed to improvise to some extent but further work would be required. We did manage to check the cameras and top up the feeder - no pine martens on the cameras this time but plenty of red squirrels and, to our great surprise and pleasure, a tawny owl! On Sunday I met Andy Paton, great wildlife champion, at the Grant Arms Hotel for a blether and to solve all the world's wildlife problems. From there I went back and finished the nestbox job properly at the golf club and repaired the access gate. On the way home I went to the badger hide and got fresh map references and other information for all the nest boxes. In the evening I settled down and finished entering all the details for all the 2019 nest boxes into BTO's DemOn system; a total of 40 boxes. I'm now quite looking forward to applying any new nests to the new system.
Mon 11th to Sun 17th Feb
On Monday I travelled to Edinburgh for a hand-over meeting with Dr Andrew Kitchener of the National Museums of Scotland who will be taking over the Chair of Scottish Wildcat Action Steering Group from me next week. Andrew will make a fantastic Chair and I wish him and the rest of the team all the best for the future; I will maintain a keen interest in how the project progresses. On Tuesday it cut up the remaining pieces of a Pere David's antler that I acquired some years age for our squirrels (the calcium is good for them) and then sent out feelers for getting some more, hopefully from the Highland Wildlife Park. I've tried using roe deer antlers but the squirrels have shown no interest in it; it may be too hard for them. Anyway, in the afternoon we had guests so we all went out into the woods for a walk while out there I screwed a piece of the Pere Davids antler to the tree alongside a new piece of roe antler that I had split to reveal the inner material - we'll see how that works. On Wednesday I found pine marten droppings in Boat woods on the discrete path half way between the bottom of the sock route and Bobby's shortcut. On Thursday Bea and I went to the SWT Members evening in Inverness where SWT Council Member Tim Duffy told us about his marathon cycle ride around all of SWT's 120 Wildlife Reserves. Friday was an admin day with a meeting at SNH HQ in the morning followed by a succession of emails and phone calls, both sent and received, in preparation for next week's SWA Steering Group meeting; my final meeting as Chair. The weekend was mostly spent on golf and domestic matters but it was very noticeable how much drumming the woodpeckers were doing on Saturday morning. It had actually started about a week ago and but I had forgotten to mention it here.
Mon 18th to Sun 24th Feb
I spent much of Monday on the phone; altogether probably more than an hour, speaking to people about wildcats ahead of my final Steering Group meeting on Wednesday. There's so much to do as we move ahead with the plan. On Tuesday the woodpeckers were in full force in the woods, hammering out their messages. On Wednesday I attended my final meeting as Chair of Scottish Wildcat Action. It has been a huge privilege to Chair this effort to save the Scottish Wildcat from extinction and a pleasure to work with the Steering Group both collectively and as individuals. I wish my successor, Dr Andrew Kitchener, and the project all the very best for the future and will follow progress with great interest. On Friday I went to the hide and sat outside for a while but no badgers - it was only 4.30pm so probably too early. Later that evening I learned that a female beaver from SWT's Loch of the Lowes had been shot and had died from infection. I was as upset as everybody else and had a rant on Twitter about lack of legal protection, which turned out to be a bit premature as next morning Roseanna Cunningham announced that beavers would received full legal protection with effect from 1st May. As you can imagine this went down very well with all conservationists, although some quite rightly said that announcing this two months ahead of time gave those rotten eggs in the Tayside farming community time to kill as many beavers as they could before the ban kicked in. Early on Saturday the dogs treed a cat that at first glance looked very like a wildcat with a fat, banded tail, until you spotted its collar and bell - clearly a moggie with some wild genes left over from ancestral wildcat encounters in the past. Here it is:
After that I played golf at Nethy and at the sixth hole I diverted to check the camera pointing at the new pine marten nestbox - no pine marten yet. On Sunday I checked the Acorn camera for the first time this month at the site where we are hoping to snap a capercaillie; no luck yet.
Mon 25th to Thurs 28th Feb
On Monday I set up the Aggressor camera on the pine marten feeder at the badger hide, then stayed from 1715 to 1800 to see if any badgers were about; no luck. On Tuesday I started a production line for seven nest boxes for Abernethy Golf Club. On Wednesday I finished the nest box job and while I was doing that Roseanna Cunningham was at the Highland Wildlife Park, accompanied by my successor Andrew Kitchener and the team, launching the IUCN report on the state of the wildcat in Scotland. At the time of writing this diary there has only been minimal coverage in the Press and I'm not sure if that's a good thing or bad. Later I popped back to the hide to check the camera; no pine martens but to my annoyance I had mixed up the SD cards which would take a few cycles to sort out. Over the next few days. I stayed at the hide again and this time got lucky; a rather muddy badger came out at 1745. On Thursday myself, Eddie Palmer and Ellie Stirling met the new CE of Scottish Environment Link at the Link office in Perth to brief her on the work of Scottish Badgers and its relationship with Link. A most useful session for both sides.
Fri 1st to Sun 3rd March.
On Friday I switched cards in the Acorn camera (no wildlife recorded) as a first step in sorting out the SD card tangle, then attended an all day meeting at the Boat of Garten Community Hall to launch the Cairngorms National Park Forest Strategy and the Cairngorms Nature Action Plan. Excellent day all round with lots of interesting speakers and a useful workshop session. During the day it was good to renew relations with old friends and ex-colleagues and also to pick up some new contacts, some of whom will help our plans for BogWiG over the coming months. Of particular benefit will be a fresh relationship with RSPB at Abernethy and a renewed commitment from the BSW saw mill. On Saturday I swapped cards at the badger hide camera; the next step in sorting out the SD card hiatus. It was good to note that it had recorded a visit by a pine marten at 2324 on Thursday. In theory the badger watching season has now begun, although we're very light on bookings at the moment. Sunday was supposed to be the day we fixed up the final seven nestboxes at Abernethy Golf Club but bad weather put a stop to that.
Mon 4th to Sun 10th March
On Monday, in better weather, we were able to do the nest box job at the golf club and then upload the details to the BTO DemOn site. On Tuesday I inspected the Pere David antler at the Angle feeder to find it had clearly been chewed by the red squirrels, with curly bits of material sticking out where the squirrels' teeth had scraped it. Later I checked the feeder and camera at the golf club - still no sign of the pine marten having found the nest box. Wednesday was a foul day but I took the dogs into the woods anyway, to be confronted by a herd of cattle near where the capercaillie lek each spring. This is at least the third time in three weeks this has happened (13 Feb, 17 Feb and today). I phoned the farm to alert them on the first two occasions, to be told they would deal with it, and sure enough the fence was repaired after a fashion, but today's calls were unanswered and judging from the hammering sounds coming from the woods I expect they were all in there mending the fence again. Given reports every year of dog walkers being killed by cattle and the level of dog walking that goes on in that wood, there is a dangerous situation developing here. I gave some thought to whether or not I should alert the Estate and others. Eventually I got through to the farm to be told they were not out repairing fences and did not know the cattle were in the woods. They phoned back later to say the herd were all back at the farm and I then got a bit of attitude from them so I left it at that and emailed the estate with all the details; dates, times etc. The estate got back thanking me and said they'd take it up with the tenant. At the same time I alerted the estate to motorcycles being driven in the woods again and I offered to set up a camera which they were pleased to accept, along with an appropriate public notice. Thursday was a golf day but on Friday we were visited by John and Shirley Martin; keen environmentalists and manufacturers of pine marten den boxes including the one at the golf course. We took them to the golf club and showed them where our box was and they strongly approved and offered advice on what foods we might use to tempt the martens with, raisins and eggs being strong candidates. We showed them around and discussed some of our ideas for greening up the course and they were kind enough to contribute ideas of their own. To top it all we even discovered lots of frog spawn in the pond at the 2nd hole. John also told me about his latest trail camera, a Browning Defender 850 that you can monitor with your smartphone - I bought the latest version online that evening! On Saturday I retrieved the Bushnell camera from the badger hide because that's the one we would use to monitor the woods for motorcycles. The card showed lots of badger activity but only one visit by a pine marten. There were also lots of false triggers due to the camera shaking in the wind; the bracket I was using on which to mount the camera is clearly not good enough. On the way home from the hide there was a dead male badger on the B970 road near Mullingarroch Farm at NH95021864; I reported it to Scottish Badgers online. Later we set up the Aggressor trail cam at the Angle junction to pick up any motor cycle activity and also put up a sign to say what we were doing, as requested by the estate.
Mon 11th to Sun 17th March
On Monday I travelled to Edinburgh for the farewell party for Johnny Hughes, SWT's CEO, who has been lured away to work for UNEP (I think). Lots of the great and good were at the party so it was a splendid chance to network, as these events always are. I stayed overnight at a cheap hotel and travelled home by bus next day. On arriving home I learned that at the ECCLR meeting in Scottish Parliament that morning the Scottish Tories had announced that they would attempt to block the proposed legal protection for beavers which is due to come into effect on 1st May. Lots of exchanges on social media that evening with a strong sense of outrage at this new attack on wildlife and environment from the usual quarter. Hopefully the SNP, Lib Dems and Greens (you never know with Labour) will be strong enough to see this threat off. Wednesday began with peanut feeder duties in our woods and continued at the golf club where I added sultanas and an egg to the pine marten feeder as recommended by expert John Martin last week. In the office I completed an article for Scottish Badgers Newsletter entitled "The Political Badger" outlining our advocacy and engagement work with decision makers, including through our membership of Scottish Environment Link. Checked two cameras, one at the golf club and one in the woods, neither of which had recorded anything of interest. Spent two hours on Friday updating the script for my talk "Birds and Mammals of the Cairngorms". Next step is to refresh some of the pictures and insert some videos. Later my new trail camera arrived, the Browning Defender 940 which you can monitor and adjust using a tablet or smartphone. Sadly I failed to get it to communicate with my smartphone, but next morning Heather suggested I try using her iPad and it worked flawlessly; it turns out that the OS of my smartphone is too old. On Sunday I retrieved the Acorn camera from its location in the woods where, after months of patience, it has spectacularly failed to capture capercaillie. Roe deer, lost dogs, lost blokes yes - capers no, so I'll find a better use for it.
Mon 18th to Sun 25th March
On Monday I met with Pete Cairns to talk wildlife, rewilding and all things natural. Later, I phoned various activists to do with lynx, wildcats and badgers; there is such a lot to think about, especially in figuring out which actual courses of practical action to take rather than continuing with endless surveys and analyticals and meetings and politics on and on and on for moths. On a practical note, I swapped over two of the trail cameras to better place them according to their abilities or lack of them. Lots of videos on the motor-cycle monitor cam including walkers (most of them with dogs) a few cyclists and runners, a couple of roe deer and a fox. No motorcycles were recorded but at 1038 on Sunday there were no tracks in the snow but the next video at 1103 showed two sets of tracks of what looked like motor cycle tyres so it looks as if they were going too fast to trigger the camera, which is one of the reasons I winter to try a different camera. Tuesday started with an attempt to set up the new Browning Trail Cam at the golf club. The effort did not start well but I eventually got the thing working properly despite its rather poor and inconvenient locking method; I reckon I can mod it in my shed to good effect. While I was there I checked the other camera (nothing worth noting) and refilled the feeder, which was totally empty: no peanuts, no sultanas and no egg to be found so the pine marten has definitely been to call. Hopefully the new camera will pick up on its next visit. On Tuesday afternoon I took part in a telecon (it was supposed to be a video call but some of the participants had techy problems) to do with organising Link's summer parliament reception. The topic this year is Citizen Science. Later I checked the motor-cycle cam (no luck) and then took some peanuts round to the couple who look after Milton Loch. We decided that the work on our new osprey nest at the loch will now have to wait until after the herons have finished their breeding season which is already under way. In the meantime we can get our osprey nest plans properly finalised and costed. Wednesday was mostly about setting up and baiting the trail cams in the woods, at the golf club and at the badger hide. In the evening I went briefly to the badger hide where one badger emerged just after 6pm. Some good news; the Scottish Tory attempt to scupper protection for beavers was itself scuppered in the Scottish Parliament yesterday so the protection kicks in as planned on the 1st May. On Friday Bea and I and the dogs did the first check of the crested tit nestboxes. As expected, there was not much activity yet except that box 18 had been used as a roost.. Also, the recent herd of cattle marauding through the woods had swiped one of the boxes off its tree and tllted two others. Easily fixed. On the way home we checked the motor cycle cam; none recorded yet. On Twitter, Ben Goldsmith posted a link to a very good article about beavers that he had written for The Spectator. He asked that we all share the link as widely as possible. On Sunday I checked the badger hide camera; the pine marten had been several times in the past few days and took the egg away at its second visit. There were motor cycles on the moor again, sadly. Hopefully the estate will get a grip of this quite soon.
Mon 25th to Sun 31st March
Checked the Acorn camera at the junction in the woods for motor cycle activity over the weekend; nothing to report. Had a meeting at Milton Loch with the tree surgeon Alban about building an osprey nest platform on a tree in the inner loch. Looks like we have a plan. Tuesday I checked the golf club cameras; just red squirrels on the cards. I removed the new camera and in the afternoon rejigged its fixing arrangement for a more stable set-up. In the evening i took two ladies to the badger hide. The camera revealed the pine marten had been there on Saturday and Sunday but not Monday. Surprisingly it had not take the egg so I left it in the feeder and added more raisins and some custard creams, as recommended by pine marten guru John Martin. We had a badger out in the open within ten minutes and not much later there were six, then seven in view. This was the first official badger watch of the season and I would have expected the badgers to have been very nervous but that simply was not the case - it's as if the badgers have just picked up where they left off 4 months ago. They did not even mind when we opened a window and left it open for the whole two hours while we conversed in barely half subdued voices, not even in whispers. Extraordinary. Wednesday was a long day trip to Edinburgh including a meeting of the Wildlife Sub Group of Scottish Environment Link on which I represent Scottish Badgers.. All interesting stuff, quite technical in parts but worth the journey. Thursday involved a bit of golf but was mostly to do with trail cameras, especially the new Browning at the Golf Club. Still cannot get it to talk to my Huawei phone but otherwise it's working OK despite being somewhat awkward to manage with a very poor fixing bracket, a clumsy locking arrangement and no threaded tripod mounting socket. Never mind - an hour in my workshop modifying its case sorted most of that out. Friday was a long and interesting day. It began with my being presented by Scottish Wildcat Action with the image of a wildcat climbing a tree carved into a slab of stone. What a kind and extraordinary gesture. We'll find an appropriate and prominent place to display it in our garden. Next was lunch with Charlie Moores who works for Lush and writes blogs and records podcast featuring personalities involved in wildlife conservation; today was my turn in the hot seat. After lunch we headed to the badger hide for some peace to do the actually recording. That took much of the afternoon so Charlie and I then had to dash back to the village for a quick bite before meeting again to take a group to the hide to watch badgers. It was a super evening with as many as 9 badgers in view at one point. We did not see any pine martens but the trail camera at the hide showed they had visited every night this week, but always much later than we would be prepared to stay in the hide. Charlie was good enough to blog about the experience before he went to bed.
Mon 1st to Sun 7th April
On Monday Bea and I put together the pallet frame for the first of the planned Bug Hotels at Abernethy Golf Club. It'll take a few weeks to finish the job properly. I spoke at length with Scottish Wildlife Trust and Scotland Big Picture about ambitious plans for the future. As of 1st May our beavers will have proper legal protection so it will be time to move on with other ideas. On Tuesday at the golf club our bug hotel plans took another step forward. Also at the golf club, footage on the pine marten feeder camera revealed we are being visited by at least two different pine martens, one fully fit but too stupid to work out how to open the feeder and the other one smart enough to do so but equipped with only one eye! In the evening I took 3 people to the badger hide in awful weather. Undeterred, six badgers came out to amuse us. There was no pine marten but the camera had recorded them at the feeder every night in the past week, usually quite late in the evening. On Wednesday Dr Emma Sheehy gave a presentation to the North Scotland Group of the Scottish Wildlife Trust in Inverness. It attracted the biggest audience any of us could remember and excited much debate. Linda Rosborough, Chair of SWT Council, then addressed the meeting with an update on activities of the Trust at national level before the final item of the evening, the AGM. Thursday was a foul day and I think I slept most of it, then on Friday first thing I met James Shooter at the golf club where he used his drone to take aerial photos of the course ahead of an article soon to appear in the Scotland Big Picture eMagazine. Later I prepared some wooden planks which will be ripped lengthwise to plug the gaps in the roof of our bug hotel at the golf club. Saturday was a golfing day. On Sunday the dogs and I found fox dung near Loch Vaa and pine marten poo on the secret path in Boat Woods. In the late morning I finished the wood work on the roof of the new bug hotel at the golf club and in the evening I took a family of 4 to the hide where we had 7 badgers. The camera failed to reveal when the pine marten took the egg out of the feeder two days ago (the egg was there at 7pm but gone in the next video at 6am next morning) so I guess the batteries may need to be changed; failing to take night-time shots is sometimes a clue to weak batteries.
Mon 8th to Sun 14th April
On Monday and Tuesday the work on the golf club bug hotel continued, then on Tuesday evening I took four youngish people to the hide where we saw at least 5 badgers. The trail cameras that are monitoring pine marten feeders are revealing that they do not always take the egg when one is supplied in the feeder, they just eat peanuts and possibly raisins. An exchange of emails with Browning of America has concluded I think that my Huawei smartphone is simply not suitable to work with the Browning camera; it was the same story with the Phantom drone so that's probably that. Not to worry, my wife's iPad works with the Browning no problem. Wednesday started with a decision to alter the dogs' walking routine to summer mode wherein we avoid the core capercaillie area most of the time but if we do go in there the dogs are on their leads. As if to join in the same spirit of springtime, two blue tits began nest building in our starling nest box; they're in for a nasty shock if starlings turn up. In the evening Bea and the dogs collected all sorts of loose detritus (pine cones, twigs, dry grass) from the forest to go in one of the layers of the bug hotel when I've fitted the mesh flooring for that section. Later I exchanged emails with the local saw mill BSW who have promised to let us have as much wood as we need free of charge for local wildlife projects. They will be a great help to us when we build the new osprey platform and some new goldeneye duck nest boxes at Milton Loch. Thursday was a busy day. We began with a crested tit nest box check. Sadly, but not unexpectedly, there are no nests to report. On the way round we found one box had been tampered with (not for the first time) and another which may have had a burrowing attempt. We'll see next time. We also managed to refix the box that had been knocked off its tree by a herd of escaped cattle. Bea took notes of all this and at the same time collected detritus from around the woods for our bug hotel at the golf club. On the way home we checked the Acorn camera that's monitoring illicit vehicle access in the woods; nothing untoward this time. After lunch Bea went to the golf club and finished off one layer of the bug hotel while I checked the nest boxes and cameras at the badger hide. No goldeneye nesting attempts yet but we did have a pine marten on camera on two of the last three nights but always very late in the evening. Some good news: BSW sawmill delivered a heap of wood with which we will make goldeneye nest boxes for Milton Loch. BSW have been very supportive of our wildlife work and we are all very grateful to them. On Saturday I attended The Aubrey Manning OBE Memorial Service in the McEwan Hall at the University of Edinburgh along with what looked like at least 200 other people. It was a fabulous celebration of the life of a truly great man, with speeches, music, poetry, readings and film clips presented by a string of eminent people in whose lives Aubrey had figured strongly. I had met and talked with Aubrey on several occasions to do with my work with The Wildlife Trusts and it is a privilege to have known him. On Sunday I took four people to the badger hide where we had 7 badgers at one point. No pine martens though and no clips of pine martens on the camera over the past two nights - a bit of a concern.
Mon 15th to Sun 21st April
On Monday afternoon I met with Gordon Eaglesham to be interviewed for an article he was writing for Scotland Big Picture e-magazine. It was an exhilarating session during which we discussed all manner of issues relating to rewilding and how that concept might work alongside or even supplant more traditional approaches to wildlife conservation. In the evening I took two couples to the badger hide. One of the couples was from Australia and they had been disappointed in their quest to see a red squirrel. They had been very unlucky because red squirrels are plentiful in the area so the rest of us did our best to advise how they might increase their chances by going to the right places at the right time. The other couple, Cath and Tony, are loyal readers of this diary; they are also most generous and not only donated more money than was usual for their visit but also gave me a bag of various sorts of food for the local birds and mammals; peanuts, mealworms etc. Such kindness. As for the badgers, the most we saw at one time was 7, which is about the usual number recently. The camera revealed that the pine marten had visited the previous evening at about 1045 and shortly before we left the hide the Australian lady thought she glimpsed something moving up the slope opposite the hide which could have been a pine marten and she said it was definitely not a badger. Unfortunately I was holding forth about something at the time so the rest of us missed it. Early next morning I bumped into Cath and Tony in our woods and they were looking rather pleased with themselves; they had just seen two capercaillies, one in flight and one perched in a tree. I think this was their first sightings of a caper and I was delighted for them; their love of wildlife and determination certain entitles them to a bit of good luck. Better still, they got in touch later that day to say they had seen another capercaillie in woods at Grantown. At the golf club I rejigged the camera setup and did a bit more work on the bug hotel, then in the evening I attended David Hetherington's talk at the Grant Arms hotel about lynx. The question session that followed the talk centred much on the negative attitude of farmers and farming organisations towards wildlife. On Thursday I removed the Acorn camera from its motor cycle monitoring position in agreement with the estate that it had served its purpose. I can now use it to monitor the pine marten den box at the badger hide. In the evening I took a family of four to the hide where we saw 6 badgers, some mice and heard a tawny owl. No pine marten again but the camera revealed it had visited the feeder briefly on two of the past three nights, on both occasions in the wee small hours so there's still not much prospect of seeing one during a badger watch. On Friday I took the bus to Perth for the quarterly Scottish Badgers Advisory Group and Trustees meetings. All is well with the organisation and I am pleased to be able to make a modest contribution. I dashed home in time to get to Pete Cairns talk at the Grant Arms on Scotland Big Picture. It was a sizeable audience and the talk was followed by a decent Q and A session. While I was away Bea spent time on bagging up discarded cores from the golf club greens which we are going to use to make a grass roof for the bug hotel. On Saturday I built a new device for holding a trail camera and used it to install the Acorn camera pointing up the trunk of the tree that holds the pine marten den box at the badger hide. Hopefully the evening showers didn't fill up the lens cavity.
As an aside, after struggling to find any books to my liking
lately I have embarked on re-reading (again) the ten volumes
that comprise the Chronicles Of Thomas Covenant The Unbeliever.
"....and with one word of truth or treachery he will save or damn the Earth."
It's not for the faint-hearted nor for lovers of a quick read but if you like complex, thought provoking fantasy then this might be worth trying. It comes as The First Chronicles (3 volumes), The Second Chronicles (3 volumes) and the Last Chronicles (4 volumes) and was written by Stephen Donaldson over a period of 36 years and is set in a period spanning thousands of years. Yes, it's BIG.
Sunday started with a dog walk during which I met and spoke to some interesting people including Nancy from the National Park with whom I spoke about various wildlife topics - a super start to the day. Next, Bea and I collected some fallen branches in the forest with which to make a containing rim around the roof of our fledgling bug hotel and when we got it home I hacked and drilled them into four useable spars. After lunch the dogs and I visited the squirrel car park and repaired and refilled the bird feeders there and in the evening Bea and I went to the Abernethy Golf Club to install the new containing spars on the bug hotel roof. Having done that, I went to check the camera by the pine marten feeder while Bea spread the earth cores in the bug hotel roof. I should explain that each year a machine extracts cores from the golf course greens to aerate them and the extracted cores just lie in a heap for evermore. Using them to start a grass roof for the bug hotel makes perfect sense. Finally, when I got home I checked the card from the golf course camera which revealed that the pine marten with only one eye has visited the feeder on two of the past three nights.
The Bug Hotel now has a roof which hopefully will soon be a grass roof
Mon 22nd to Tues 30th April
Monday was supposed to begin with meeting a photographer but it fell through and was rearranged for next day. Instead, I prepared lengths of wood for the bug hotel and in the afternoon I took them to the golf club and installed them. I then checked tit boxes 6 and 7 but neither had yet been used. On Tuesday I checked boxes 2 and 3 at the golf club; box 2 contained a complete nest and box 3 had some nest material covering the floor but no nest yet. I've still to check Nos 4 and 5. In the afternoon I took James Shooter of Scotland Big Picture to the hide to check the goldeneye boxes. One of the boxes contained four goldeneye eggs so we're up and running. Next job is to get clearance from SNH to do some camera trapping of activity at that box. On Thursday 2 of the camera traps stopped working; battery issues I think, easily put right. In the evening I reset the Acorn cam and set it up to watch the pine marten nest box, then met the two chaps for the badger watch at which we had 6 badgers and a pine marten. Spent most of Friday in the Boat of Garten Community Hall at the annual Scottish Wildcat Action Forum. There was a good turn-out to hear the latest update on the project and future plans. In essence, after four years of hard work the project is well informed enough to be able to make a plans for the future. The wildcat population in Scotland is so small, so hybridised and so fragmented that it could never recover unaided. To secure a future for our wildcats a coordinated programme of captive breeding, reinforcement from Europe, reduced persecution and more responsible domestic cat ownership will have to be instigated and the sooner the better. In the evening I checked the two trail cameras at the badger hide; nothing of interest to report. Saturday saw lots of activity at our sparrow gallery; a blue tit nest building at the north end and two sparrows taking heaps of bedding into the centre box. That activity carried on well into Sunday so we're hopeful for a result. On Sunday morning I went to Milton Loch and began the process of refurbishing the information table beside the pond dipping platform - much work to be done but none of it rocket science. At the golf club I cut another dozen straight branches and took them home, trimmed them and drilled holes in the ends ready to be added to the bug hotel. On Monday I went back to Milton Loch, cleaned up the interpretation board as best I could and photographed and drew a diagram of the details so that repairs could be planned. I then went to the golf club, installed the wooden branches I had prepared the previous day and then went to to see one of the club members who had some kind of reeds that might be useful to the bug hotel. Indeed the roll of linked reeds looked ideal both in design and quantity to the point that they might almost complete the project. On Tuesday that was put to the test and the reeds did indeed fill the remaining space with some left over to start our next bug hotel near the clubhouse. Lots of emails coming in this week to book the badger hide, so many that we are having to turn some people away, which is a great shame but we limit ourselves to no more than 3 nights per week to comply with the land owner's wishes and for other reasons which you can probably guess at. On Tuesday evening I went and sat with the badgers for half an hour and checked the camera footage. The Acorn cam has failed again so maybe it's time to chuck it out. The Aggressor had some amazing clips of the badger cubs larking about around the pine marten feeder tree while a pine marten blithely scoffed peanuts above them. One of the clips showed two pine martens, one was using the feeder when usurped by the other.
Weds 1st to Sun 5th May
On Weds 1st I dropped the dogs off at the kennels and set off with Bea for Edinburgh for the celebration to mark the day that legal protection for beavers kicks in. All organisations who played a part in the return of beavers to Scotland were represented and there was a marvelous party atmosphere throughout the event, as you would expect. I did an interview with Euan McIlwraith for the BBC Radio Scotland Out of Doors programme and then had the privilege of presenting a commemorative print of a beaver to Roseanna Cunningham, Cab Sec for Environment, Land Reform and Climate Change, on behalf of the Scottish Government. She and I had released the first beaver in the beaver trial 10 years ago. Also in the picture below is Michael Russell who, as Environment Minister at the time, had signed the license to release beavers on a trial basis at Knapdale, which got the whole thing under way. Several other MSPs were also there to share our happy day.
Left to Right: me, Cab Sec Michael Russell and Cab Sec Roseanna Cunningham
On Friday the weather was awful and it got worse as the day went on. I checked the Acorn cam at the badger hide and it was actually working but had recorded no pine martens at the nest box so it looks as if it will not be used this year. By evening it was snowing but rather than cancel the badger watch I met the couple who I was supposed to take to the hide and we decided by a narrow margin to go ahead anyway. Good decision because we had badgers feeding in the snow for two hours and then a pine marten for half an hour. The bad news is that the Aggressor camera had failed to take any pictures since it was last checked which is very disappointing as it has always been reliable in the past. On Saturday I was back at the hide with two young ladies from Durham and whilst there I checked the Aggressor again and it was working but had missed the pine marten activity from last night, probably because the batteries were almost dead. No matter, our badger watch followed similar lines to the previous night with 6 badgers, a mouse, a brown hare, a cuckoo (heard) a tawny owl (heard) and then at 2215 the pine marten showed up for half an hour. Note to self, make a new pine marten feeder; the current one is so big the pine marten disappears inside it so a smaller one would be better from the watchers' point of view. Sunday began with a check of the crested tit nest boxes. We set off with low expectations given the lack of success the past few years and the shortage of crestie sightings this year. However, box 18 had three eggs in it - probably not cresties, but time will tell. After lunch we cleaned the interpretation table at the Milton Loch dipping platform and installed a new magnifier and a new identification chart. The weather is still very cold for the time of year and yet our sparrows are continuing to nest-build in the central chamber of our sparrow gallery. I was supposed to go to the badger hide this evening with a new local badger enthusiast but it had to be postponed.
Monday 6th to Sun 12th May
On Monday afternoon Bea and I went to give a presentation "Mammals and Birds of the Cairngorms" for the Fort Augustus Heritage Group. A very decent sized audience more or less filled the hall and there were some very searching questions at the end. Later I went to the badger hide and removed the pine marten feeder to rebuild it to make it smaller; at the moment the pine martens can get right down inside it which is not much good if you want to watch them. I installed a temporary feeder while the job is done. It was a pleasant evening so before going home I called to the badgers and sat outside the hide with them for a while. They don't seem to mind too much.
My feet and a badger
On Tuesday I checked cameras at the badger hide. We've got battery issues again but the pine marten is still visiting the area but not using the nest box. The weather was lousy on Wednesday so my plan to check the goldeneye nest box fell through and instead I rebuilt the pine marten feeder as described above. I was interviewed on the phone that morning for a magazine article for the Scottish Wildlife Trust about beavers and the journey to this point in their recovery as a native mammal in the UK. In the evening I took Sally and Dennis to the hide; the have been in previous years so it was nice to catch up. They are very active in badger rescue in Essex along with another friend of mine (and badgers), Rene Hockley-Byam. Thursday began with checking Box 18 in Boat Woods; the same three eggs were there so maybe things are not so good. At the golf club I checked the camera to find no pine martens had been recorded for two days but that might be because the batteries were almost dead. It did however catch a red squirrel chasing off a large woodpigeon. I installed fresh batteries before leaving. On the course itself, Box 3 now had a blue tit sitting on eggs. In the evening I took Derek Panton, a wildlife keen villager, to the hide where we installed the refurbished pine marten feeder and then checked the goldeneye box. The box contained a female goldeneye duck apparently asleep and presumable incubating the four eggs we found there last week, plus any she had laid since. We stayed for an hour or so and had five badgers in view at one point and watched a brown hare and some geese in the field. We heard a cuckoo on and off. Spent most of Friday nursing a rotten cold but stirred myself enough in the evening to attend the launch event of the Cairngorms Connect project. During the launch they announced the first winners of financial grants dished out by the Cairngorms Trust and I'm delighted to say that our project "An Osprey Nest For The Osprey Village", a project to improve the habitats at Milton Loch in several respects, was a winner. It means our project can go ahead immediately to build an osprey nest on a tree on an island, raise the level of the loch by repairing the outlet dam system, build some goldeneye nest boxes and create a willow sculpture to represent the Ark of Caledon using a mixture of experts, local trainees and possibly even visitors. Great stuff. On Saturday morning we went to the Milton Loch vols morning; our main job was to check the nest boxes. Most showed no sings of use but Starling Box 01 contained nest material, starling box 02 had 4 blackbird eggs in it and titbox 03 had a blue tit on eggs. In the evening I took four lovely people to the hide (they run a fox sanctuary, bless 'em). We had 6 adult badgers and 2 tiny cubs and my new friends got some superb badger photos. Then something bizarre happened. We saw torches approaching across the field so I went to intercept; it was a police sergeant and two constables coming to see what two cars were doing parked at the gate; they suspected we could be hare coursing! All was explained and the crack was really good. The sergeant is the area wildlife crime coordinator and one of the constables is a wildlife crime officer and we arranged for me to visit them at the police station sometime soon for a chat. Brilliant. The badgers would have scattered as a result of all the fuss so we left it at that.
Mon 13th to Sun 19th May
Discovered via the camera and an endoscope that we have a bird sitting on eggs in the centre chamber of the sparrow gallery in our garden, species unknown at the time although it transpires that it's probably a great tit. The camera also showed a cat crouching on the lid of the gallery sniffing at the hole where the bird was sitting. I therefore screwed a sheet of Perspex to the lid in such a way as to stop the cat doing that. Later I checked cameras at the golf club; no pine marten activity at all for several days. In the evening I was supposed to take a lady to the badger hide but she didn't show up.
Cat inspecting a box containing an incubating great tit.
Checked the camera on Tues morning and no cat was recorded last night. The camera did show a great tit at the entrance to the centre hole and a sparrow at the south hole. However, most of Tuesday was taken up with golf at Rothes where their Green-keeper is very good at making the course welcoming to wildlife. He has made the biggest bug hotel I have ever seen or imagined, put up 24 nest boxes and right beside the clubhouse main door he's built a wood pile in which a long-tailed tit has built a nest. Back at home the camera revealed visits to the sparrow gallery by blue tit, great tit and house sparrow so there's a lot going on. On Thursday I checked the garden nest boxes: nests but no eggs on south and north sparrow galleries but a great ti on eggs in the centre gallery, tiny amount of nest material in the open fronted box and rather more but no nest in the starling box. Checked box 18 in the woods; still the same three eggs in the nest so probably abandoned. In the afternoon I went round all the 9 nest boxes at Abernethy Golf Club. 4 were unoccupied, one had 9 eggs, one had 3 tiny chicks and 3 eggs and the other 3 had a blue tit sitting tight either on eggs or chicks or both. Not bad. I checked the pine marten feeder as I passed it and the two pigeon eggs that the greens convener had put in it were gone so the pine marten has been visiting. Took a couple and 2 very young children (1 and 3 years old) to the hide on Friday and we had a delightful evening with at least 5 badgers in view. One of the badgers looked to have a piece of rope attached to its neck but it turned out to be a long strand of foliage. Sure enough, earlier we had watched a badger mowing the long grass and rolling it backwards into a sett for bedding so that's probably at the bottom of the scare. On Saturday morning I braved the rain and checked the camera and nest boxes at the badger hide. The Acorn cam had only taken one set of pictures (13th May) of a pine marten at the foot of the goldeneye box pole so that confirms how little pine marten activity we have in the area this summer. Thanks to the endoscope I was able to establish that the goldeneye female was still sitting in the box on a pole on the ridge and that no other boxes in the area were active. On the walk out I found a significant badger latrine right beside a badger tunnel under a fence; a classic badger technique for finding important features in the dark. In the evening I took former SWA co-steering group member Karen and her partner to the hide where we had at least 5 different badgers. We also saw a stoat, brown hare, mouse, chaffinch, GS woodpecker and on the way home a pine marten ran across the road in front of us. Sunday was mostly golf but BBC Springwatch got in touch late in the day so that spawned a bunch of emails. Watch this space.
Mon 20th to Sun 26th May
Bea and I removed the kestrel box from the badger hide area. It was falling out of the tree anyway and had never been used by anything, never mind kestrels. While we were there we swapped the old Acorn camera for a much better Bushnell to continue monitoring the foot of the goldeneye nest pole in case the pine martens get up to their hijinks again.. Email exchanges with BBC Springwatch and others continued; I can't say more at this stage. Tuesday was a mix of golf and websites, both with an environmental slant. The main event was a meeting of the Nethy Bridge Golf Course environmental sub group to review progress so far and agree actions for the next few months and beyond. It's all going really well. On Wednesday afternoon I checked the camera at the goldeneye box - it had recorded a brown hare and nothing else so presumably the eggs have not yet hatched. In the afternoon I spoke to a bird watcher in our woods who reckoned he had seen a crested tit which, if true, is very good news in deed. Later there was another email exchange with BBC Springwatch before I took a couple to the badger hide in rainy weather where we saw 7 badgers, a GS woodpecker and a brown hare, and we heard oyster catchers and a tawny owl. On Thursday, acting on yesterday's crested tit report, I set up the Acorn rubbishy camera very close to the squirrel car park feeding station, set to take one image when triggered and then sleep for 10 seconds. That should work OK without filling the card and killing the battery too quickly, as often happens at places with lots of visits by lots of small birds, figuring that once the birds are there they usually stay for much more than ten seconds so if a crestie should turn up we'd be very unlucky not to get at least one shot good enough to identify it. Time will tell. On Saturday the camera at the goldeneye box had a few badger videos and one of a pine marten. The duck was still sitting tight. At the squirrel car park the stupid Acorn cam recorded more than 500 videos (I'd set it to take single pictures! Grrrr) mostly of red squirrels which seem to be doing better than ever in our woods these days. Sadly, no cresties, which is what I'd been hoping for.. In the evening I took 5 delightful young people to the hide where we saw at least 5 different badgers.
Mon 27th to Fri 31st May
While out with the dogs early on Monday I met four bird-watchers. They had seen no capercaillies but had seen three crested tits, two together near The Angle and one on its own much deeper into the forest. The crestie sightings was very good news because so few have been seen in the forest in recent months. As a result of this good news, when I got home Heather and I had a diary session to schedule a crestie nest box check quite soon. Spent part of the morning working on this website, many of the pages of which I am making Mobile-Friendly; an interesting exercise and fairly daunting, although not quite as daunting as I had feared. This page is next on the list; let me know what you think. In future it will spread right across the width of the screen on all devices so it will look quite different when viewed on a PC or Mac. On mobile phones, the text will be much larger than it is at present and therefore be easier to read. After lunch I checked the nest boxes at Abernethy Golf Club. Five of the nine boxes have nests with blue tit chicks or eggs or both, which is quite amazing as eight of the boxes were only built and put out in early March. In the evening it was away to the badger hide again with two ladies from the Stirling area. We saw 8 badgers, several grey lag geese, a roe deer and a kingfisher. On Wednesday I checked the centre box of the sparrow gallery and there were at least 5 great tit chicks. I also made the BoGWiG website more Mobile-Friendly. Looking ahead to Friday, I cut some roofing felt and trimmed some garden canes canes for the next bug hotel at the golf club - apparently the Junior members are going to help. Time will tell what their definition of 'help' amounts to. To end the day we received an email from the BBC Radio Scotland Out Of Doors programme asking if we would speak to them on the show about the work of the Boat of Garten Wildlife Group. On Thursday we did some more prep for the new bug hotel at the golf club, then in the evening I took a lovely couple from Aberdeen/Cork/Germany/Italy (its complicated) to the hide where we saw 5 badgers plus GS woodpecker, chaffinch, great tit, coal tit, roe deer and mouse. Friday was manic. It started with a crested tit nest box check which was disappointing because only Box 18 (of 20) had a nest in and its three eggs had been there for a few weeks so definitely abandoned. Next we went to the golf club to build the main structure of another bug hotel which the junior members would begin to fill during their session in the afternoon. Of course it rained so my tools all got wet. Next was a phone call from Scottish Badgers asking if I could attend with police at a badger sett in the middle of nowhere which was suspected of having been interfered with. Sadly, I had to decline. Next was a goldeneye nest box check which we knew had a duck sitting on eggs. The endoscope revealed that the duck was away, presumably feeding on the river, so I dragged the ladder out of the bushes and investigated. The nest contained only the four eggs that I had discovered a few weeks ago and they were fairly cool to the touch. If the adult duck had only left the scene a short time ago the eggs ought to be quite hot, so I'm a little concerned that maybe all is not well. We'll see. In the evening I took a family of six, including two young boys, to the badger hide. Problems right from the start because there were cows in the field so we had to take a long detour through long wet grass to get to the hide. The cattle gathered near the hide which freaked the badgers out to the extent that instead of coming out for peanuts right away, which is their usual behaviour, they kept their distance until the cattle had wandered away and the light was beginning to fade, which is yet more evidence that badgers avoid cattle. Eventually all was well and our guests had a super experience. Most of Saturday was spent travelling to and from Edinburgh where I attended the annual SWT Chair's Reception for the trust's most avid supporters; Heather and I are proud to be counted among that number. The trust is in very good heart, doing all sorts of innovative things to try to restore Scotland's much depleted nature and trying to bring the public along with them. On Sunday I played golf at Nethy. During the round one of the members of our environment sub group spotted a plant that we had not yet listed on the course and then she saw a golden eagle doing cartwheels overhead. In the afternoon Bea and I did a nest box check at Milton Loch; the blackbird and blue tit families had all successfully left their nests so that was a super end to the day. In the autumn well take in all the nest boxes and create an easier-to-check system for future seasons in which the boxes will not be so high off the ground and the box lids will be easily opened for inspection. We did a superficial check of the bat boxes but there were no droppings under them, no urine stains on the ladders and no chattering sounds from within so we assume they are not being used.
Sat 1st to Sun 9th June
On Saturday I attended the SWT Chair's Reception in Edinburgh; always a great chance to catch up with old friend and colleagues. Sunday was a golf day, then on Monday it was particularly noticeable how Heather's purchase of live mealworms for our family of baby great tits has gone down very well with the rest of the neighbourhood birdlife as we were being visited by great flocks of newly fledged chicks, mostly house sparrows. I counted at least 12 of them. In the afternoon I checked the Acorn camera which had been checking for crested tits at the squirrel car park. It had taken more than 2,000 pictures but I did not check them all because by now we had heard that cresties were being seen by bird watchers in the woods. I then went to the badger hide and changed cards in the E3 camera which had been watching for pine martens and possibly goldeneye chicks; the card showed a few pine marten visits but no chicks yet. Before heading home I strimmed the grass near the hide to make the badgers easier to see. On Tuesday we entertained Mark Stephen of BBC Radio Scotland Out of Doors programme to talk about the Boat of Garten Wildlife Group, show him Milton Loch and describe the project that we had recently been awarded funding for. It seemed to go quite well but the proof will be how they edit together; it may go out next Saturday, depending on this and that. Afterwards Heather, Mark and I talked over coffee about possible future topics for the show. In the evening I took Emma and Scott to the badger hide; it was the couple's 14th anniversary. We had six badgers and several common bird species, also a lot of cows, their young and a bull. Yet again it showed how much badgers do not like cattle; the badgers ducked under ground each time the cattle went past. Wednesday was wet and cold all day. The great tits were still busy feeding their young so I was reluctant to build nest boxes in the shed on whose wall the nest box was fixed in case the hammering and sawing put them off. I did manage to check the garden trail camera but it had still not recorded any hedgehogs, which is disappointing. I also spent a little time sorting through some photos and some old Power Points before beginning to rewrite my badger lecture. I don't need it until November but this was a useful way of using the down time. On Friday I went to Perth for our Scottish Badgers set of regular meetings - all is going to plan. When I got home, Heather gleefully informed me that an oystercatcher had laid an egg at the practice ground on the Abernethy Golf Club so next morning I grabbed a map reference for it and took some photos. The parent birds were both in attendance. At home our great tits were still in their box which was quite surprising considering how big they must now be after all the mealworms they had been fed on.
Oystercatcher Egg On The Practice Ground
Sunday was a very wet day requiring three changes of trousers between dog walking a playing golf. The oyk egg was still at the golf club and I think our great tit chicks were still in their box in our garden - I'll check properly on Monday if the rain has stopped.
Mon 10th to Sun 16th June
On Monday the great tit parents continued to feed the young in the nest box, although at one point one of them stood on the tin shed roof with food in its mouth and tried to call the young out with lots of wing shaking. Didn't work. In the evening I took three great young Aussies to the hide where we had to wait a bit for the badgers to emerge but when they did we had nearly two hours of activity. Bad weather and a bit of an injury limited activity in the middle of the week but there were a few things worth mentioning. The goldeneye nest at the hide seems to have failed; the same four eggs are still in the box and even the pine marten has only been in the area once this week. On Weds the great tits fledged from the nest box in our garden; about time too, I can now get in the shed and do some noisy jobs. At the golf club all the of the five families of blue tits have fledged and the oyster catchers have laid a second egg. One of the blue tit boxes now has a second clutch of five eggs so we really are doing well in our first season of multiple nest boxes. Interestingly, a fresh badger latrine has appeared near box five at the golf club so next day I set up a trail camera there to start getting to know the animal. On Saturday I checked the garden trail cam and we have still had no hedgehogs this year.
Mon 17th to Sun 23rd June
The week began wet again but I managed to check the golf club badger latrine camera (no badgers but a few roe deer recorded) and put a new sign on the new bug hotel. The new sign portrays a spider and web and a cartoon ladybird drawn with a mix of pyrography and acrylic paint. On Monday evening I took a young couple from Singapore to the hide where we had 6 badgers, a brown hare and a few small birds. Wednesday saw me back at the hide with three old friends from Wales. We had at least seven badgers, one of which seemed to have a cord around its neck. A few weeks ago we thought the same about one of the badgers but dismissed the idea, however it is now plain to see that something is dangling round its neck and possibly dragging on the ground, although it was hard to be certain due to the long grass. The animal seems to be functioning OK and I confess to being at a loss as to what to do for the best, if anything. Maybe in the short term try to get some good photos of the problem. I'd hoped that the next night, Thursday, would give that chance when I took a lovely Spanish couple to the hide. We saw at least 6 badgers but our badger with the problem did not show up. On Friday Bea and i checked the crestie boxes; nothing new to report - box 18 still had its three abandoned eggs in it. On Saturday morning the dogs and I found a pine marten dropping right on the summit of Craigie Rock in Boat woods. Later, I checked the Browning camera near the fifth hole at Abernethy GC, it had recorded some very nice clips of roe deer including a proud buck and an equally proud doe with her faun. There were also some clips of brown hares and badgers. The night-time badger clips were of pretty crummy quality considering how much I paid for that camera. While at the club I cut some felled Rowan branches, took them home and cut and drilled four of them to make a low parapet around the roof of the new bug hotel at the golf club. Before bed I wrote to Handycam telling them what I thought of the Browning camera they had supplied - not their fault; it had been recommended to me by a friend. Sunday was mostly a day of rest but Bea and I did manage to go to the golf club and put some more finishing touches to the bug hotels.
Mon 24th to Sun 30th June
On Tuesday I went to the Scottish Parliament for the ScotLink meeting about National Ecological Networks. The meeting was Chaired by Claudia Beamish MSP, Labour spokesperson for Environment and the speakers were Paul Sizeland of SNH, Alison Hester from the James Hutton Institute, Jeremy Roberts from Cairngorms Connect, Katherine Jones for Bug Life and Jo Pike from Scottish Wildlife Trust. I had to overnight in Perth because it's not possible to get all the way home from Edinburgh from mid-evening onwards.
I got home on Wednesday morning and went to the hide to retrieve
the Bushnell camera which Had recorded no pine martens at all at
the goldeneye nest site. I checked the box while I
was there and the four eggs are still in the box, just as they
were when I first found them on 23rd April which is more than
two months ago so they're addled by now. I'll check
if SNH would like to test them for their records before
disposing of them sensitively as I have done in previous years
with dud eggs. In the evening I went to the badger
hide on my own intending to sit outside with the badgers but
they are very inactive at the moment, fat and lazy in this
renewed hot weather, so I only saw one at about 2030, at which
point I gave up and went home. On the plus side, I had
seen woodpeckers, collared doves, roe deer, goldeneye on the
river and a few small birds at the feeder and had heard a
cuckoo. On Thursday I took local enthusiast Karen to the
hide where we saw 6 badgers at one point. On Friday
morning I worked on making a stop motion movie of building a
goldeneye nest box and completed phase one. In the
afternoon I watched male blackbirds taking it in turns to bath
in the freshened bird bath and I then watched them bask in the
hot sun, stretching each wing out in turn for best effect.
Later I checked the oystercatchers at the golf club; all was
well with one bird incubating while the other patrolled the
practice green. On Saturday they were not sitting but both
eggs were still in the scrape and both birds were nearby.
On Sunday I removed the Browning cam from the golf club and
replaced with the Bushnell E3 to try to get better badger
footage. Time will tell. In the evening I took
Jackie and Colin, friends from Scottish Badgers, to the hide
where we saw 7 badgers plus a pine marten. The pine marten
was the first such sighting during an actual badger watch for
several weeks so that was good news. The bad news is the
badger with the cord round its neck has not managed to shake it
off so I'll take advice from colleagues as to the best course of
Mon 1st to Sun 7th July
Spent much of Monday organising the attempt to rescue our wounded badger. The upshot is the SSPCA will deliver a trap to me on Tuesday and I will set it up each evening and check it each morning in the hope that we will eventually capture the right badger. If we do get it, the Grantown on Spey vet has agreed to deal with the problem and then, once the badger has recovered a bit, the SSPCA will look after it until it is fit to go back where it came from. Fingers crossed for a successful exercise.
Cord around a badger's neck
On Tuesday morning I checked the latrine camera at the golf club but only had roe deer and red squirrel videos. After lunch the SSPCA delivered a trap as promised and in the evening I set it up at the badger hide site in such a way that any unwanted badger or pine marten could be released directly into a path under the bushes and escape from me with the least possible stress. Time will tell how well that works.
I checked the trap on Weds morning but it had not been tripped. I decided to move the trap to a more accessible place, then went home and spent the rest of the morning in bed, knackered. (Message to self: Slow Down!) Spent a super evening in the hide with Richard and Alex from Newcastle. We had at least seven badgers at close quarters, including the one wearing a broken snare, but sadly no pine marten this time. On leaving the hide we reset the trigger on the trap. Next morning (Thurs) I found the trap had been tripped and the peanuts just inside the entrance were gone but no animal was caught. Should have set up a camera as I had originally intended. At the golf club I checked the latrine cam but still no badger; a couple of nice roe deer clips though. In the evening Bea and I reset the trap and fixed up a Bushnell camera to video whatever happened - we'd check it next morning. Bea thinks the trap may be too short for a badger but we'll have a better idea once we've seen some footage. Checked the trap on Friday morning; it had not been tripped but the camera revealed that first a badger and then a pine marten had gone all the way into the trap and out again without tripping the door. SSPCA phoned to ask how we were getting on and on hearing the story so far he agreed with me that smearing honey high up on the inside of the Perspex exit door, might force the occupant to tread more firmly on the trigger plate. At the golf club the oyster catchers were down to just one egg and there was no sign of the parent birds. In our garden, we'd had several days of newly fledged small birds, mostly house sparrows but also some blackbirds, being fed by parents. In the case of the sparrows, they are onto their second broods by now. In the evening I reset the badger trap, having smeared the agreed honey liberally over the top half of the exit door. Bea and I checked the trap early on Saturday and sure enough we had caught a badger, but it was the wrong one of course so we released it unharmed, which is more than can be said of the trap which needed a visit to my workshop for repairs. Speaking of the workshop, I spent part of the afternoon sanding the planks I had cut for the new goldeneye box in the hope of finding the time over the next few days to assemble it. I'm hoping to make a time lapse movie of the process, which ought to be quite easy but it needs a bit of planning. On Sunday morning I checked the nest boxes and camera at the Abernethy Golf Club. There's no real change to report and no new nesting attempts. The oyster catchers at the practice ground seemed to have abandoned their late nesting attempt: there was only one egg in the scrape and no sign of the parent birds. The latrine camera near the fifth green had recorded one badger close to the camera but the clip was not good enough to keep or even put on Social Media. Also that morning I put the badger trap back in place (with the trigger not set) near the badger hide and set up the camera again ready for another trapping attempt after the evening's badger watch. We saw 8 badgers at the watch, including the one with the snare, so when we left the hide I set the trigger in the trap with the plan to check it by 6.30 next morning.
Mon 8th to Sun14th July
Checked the trap first thing on Monday; a badger was caught but again the wrong one so I released it. During the day there were various offers of more traps so by mid week we should be able to set multiple traps and thus increase our chances. I also had conversations with police and the vet to make sure we're cool with all things legal. In the evening I sat at the hide from 2100 to 2300 listening for the clatter of the trap closing but that did not happen which was disappointing, although my spirits were lifted by the arrival of three boisterous pine martens. I returned on a very wet Tuesday morning to check the trap but it had not captured anything. The next few days are forecast to be wet so I'll take advice over the wisdom of trapping. I suppose I could set out the traps, without setting the triggers, for the badgers to get used to for a few days and then set the triggers when the drier weather arrives at the weekend. In the early evening there was an Environment Sub Committee meeting at the golf club, Chaired by my good lady. In the meantime, Emma Rawling had delivered her pull-the-string trap in the afternoon, then in the late evening she and I set it up at the badger hide. We also set the trigger on the SSPCA trap and waited. We only saw two badgers, both very nervous so we may have already freaked out the whole family with our trapping activity, modest though it has been so far. After Emma left a pine marten wandered around inside her PTS trap so I could have caught it no bother. I left at 2300 and closed the SSPCA trap but left PTS trap open with food in to try to get the badgers used to going into the trap, which is part of a new plan. On Wednesday Jackie and Anne drove up from the south with 3 more traps which we carried across to the hide. Disappointingly, the food I had left in the PTS trap the previous night was all still there. Anyhow, we set up the new traps and when we left all five traps were locked open with food inside. For the next few days the food will be replaced each evening in the hope of getting the badgers used to going in and out of the traps before we begin trapping in earnest on Sunday night, weather permitting. I have been most heartened by the interest shown by all and sundry in what we are trying to achieve here and the offers of help and I am most grateful to all concerned. On Thursday afternoon our Broadband router and the local network were fried by a lightning strike nearby so we would be without Broadband until BT fix the fault at th exchange and send us all new Hubs. The evening Bea and I went to the hide to check the traps. None of the dog food had been eaten but most of the peanuts were gone from four out of the five traps. We topped up the peanuts as necessary and left. On Friday afternoon I checked the latrine cam and it had recorded a few nice badger videos. In the evening I checked the traps again at the hide and stayed for a couple of hours. Again, the badgers had avoided the dog food and particularly the food in a shiny dish so I removed the dish, scattered the dog food as best I could and put peanuts and honey butties in all five traps. At 2100 a badger appeared and gradually three more turned up, which was reassuring to some extent; at least they hadn't abandoned the area. The snared badger was not one of the four I saw. On Saturday I acquired a tick, which is no surprise given the amount of time I spend in the long grass both at the badger hide and on the golf course. At the hide, I checked the traps to find the peanuts had been eaten in all five traps but the honey butties had only gone from one of the five, so maybe keep it simple from now on and just use peanuts. On Sunday I went back to the hide late evening. All peanuts gone but the honey butties were all still there. I got rid of all the honey butties, replaced the peanuts and set the trigger on four traps, then sat for an hour watching the PTS trap. Two badgers came out briefly.
Monday 15th to Sunday 21st July
I checked the traps on Monday morning; I'd caught one badger in the small shiny trap; still the wrong one. It was unable to turn round in the small space so I had to shake it loose backwards, poor thing.
A trapped badger.
During the day I collected together all four of my trail cameras and in the evening spread them throughout the badger hide area to try to find the snared badger. I then set the triggers on all five traps and topped up the peanuts. On Tuesday morning, the BBT and SSPCA traps had been sprung but no badgers were caught. In the evening I reset the triggers and sat for an hour with the PTS string. A badger ventured into the BBT and it must have heard me moving in the hide because it panicked and stepped on the trigger plate, thus trapping itself. I released it straight away. Altogether I saw three badgers that evening of which two were definitely the wrong ones and I did not get a good enough look at the other one to judge. On Wednesday morning I arrived on site to find that the small shiny trap had been tipped on its side and the other three had all been sprung but no badger was caught. Later, the SSPCA asked for their trap to be returned to them for a day or two, after which we would get it back, which was fine because we had already decided not to trap on Wednesday night due to my having an early start next morning. On Thursday evening I reset the three auto traps and sat for an hour watching for badgers and holding the string just in case the right badger went into the PTS trap but no luck. I saw two badgers briefly, neither was the snared one. On Friday morning I found that all three set traps had been tipped over yet the PTS trap still had peanuts in it. I swapped cards in the cameras and went home to reassess. The cards had recorded more than 100 video clips of badgers, none of which featured the snared one. After some thought I decided not to give up quite yet, even though Simon from SSPCA had told Heather that the snared badger had very little chance of survival, we aren't seeing it any more and also my trappings method had been rendered impractical now that the badgers had twigged that they can access the peanuts by simply tipping the traps over. I decided I would screw the three traps to the badger hide wall so that they could not be tipped over and have the peanuts in dishes beyond the trigger plate rather than just scattered inside the trap so that the badgers would be forced to go into the trap and all the way to the plate and beyond to get the food. I would attempt to trap and keep the cameras going until the morning of Tuesday 23rd July, then think again. On Friday evening I set the three traps at the hide and tended the PTS trap while watching. I saw one badger briefly and not clearly enough to make a judgment on its status. On Saturday morning I found a pine marten in the BGT and released it. A pine marten had also been inside the BBT, eaten the peanuts and somehow escaped. I suspect when the door closed it fell past the stop that is supposed to prevent it opening inwards and the pine marten managed to pull it open; I know it was a pine marten because it had pooped in the trap before escaping. I left those two traps locked shut but wired the SST open and left the PTS open as well. Late morning a group of SWT Members from the North of Scotland Group assembled at Kinchurdy Road End for a forest walk in Boat Woods, led by Tessa Jones. Later the group went to Milton Loch Hide for their packed lunches and a tour of that area, I attended the morning session but not the afternoon one. Tessa is a terrific guide, very knowledgeable and she provided a most enjoyable and interesting day for the group. I did no trapping on Saturday night.
Trapped Pine Marten
On Sunday evening I reset the traps, which involved crawling inside two of them to undo the adjustments made by the marten to the trip wires and to retrieve the and refill the food dishes. I sat for an hour with the PTS trap string. No badgers seen at all.
Mon 22nd to Tues 30th July
Up early again to check the traps to find we had caught another badger, this time in the same Big Grey Trap that had caught a pine marten on Friday night. Neither of the other two traps had been sprung and most of the peanuts in the open PTS trap were still there. Built a squirrel feeder for friends, the first of the promised two feeders. Wire mesh is a **** to work with. In the evening I reset the auto traps at the hide and sat for more than an hour monitoring the PTS trap, during which time I saw one badger briefly at the upper sett. On Tuesday morning at 5am I checked the traps for what turned out to be the final time. We had caught another pine marten, this time in the small shiny trap. One of the other traps had been sprung but no animal was caught and the other had not been visited at all. I checked the cards in the cameras and there was still no clips of the snared badger. Since 30th June we'd carried out 40 traps nights and almost as many camera nights. We'd trapped 5 badger and 2 pine martens and seen no sign of the snared badger so it was reasonable to assume the animal had either left the area or had died of its injuries so we decided it was time to call a halt to the trapping. In the trapping process we had disrupted family life for these badgers to such an extent that they had begun avoiding the vicinity of the badger hide. It would probably take some weeks or months to regain their trust. In the afternoon Bea and I and others helped the Willow Lady to set up her tent and gazebo at Milton Loch before heading back to the hide to remove the traps and take them home. On Wednesday morning I wrote emails of thanks to all those who had helped us most during the trapping process. In the afternoon Bea attended a willow weaving session and made a lovely swallow out of willow twigs - I called it a Swillow. While she was doing that I finished building the squirrel feeders and caught up on emails and phone calls for Scottish Badgers and Scottish Environment Link. In the evening I delivered the squirrel feeders and then spent nearly two hours at the hide but not a single badger responded to my calls and promises of peanuts. It also transpired that my recent assertion that the hide roof no longer leaks turns out to be wrong; when I arrived there was a distinct puddle in the seat of one of the plastic chairs following the morning's heavy rain. Thursday was a carpentry day, as far as it went. The plan was to finish the first goldeneye nest box and start a second one but my jig saw, which had been on the blink for a week or two, finally packed up in a cloud of smoke and a nasty smell. So, the first box was finished apart from the entrance hole which would get cut once I got a new jig saw, hopefully next day. Made a point of putting out water at night for the hedgehogs; the temperature in the garden at 11pm was 24.5C. On Friday I bought a new jig saw and finished the Goldeneye Box:
The finished article.
We're very grateful to BSW Timber for donating the wood for this and other next boxes.
On Saturday evening I went to the hide to check the cameras and to sit a while to see if the badgers had begun to forgive us yet. The Acorn and Browning cameras had recorded no badger activity, the Aggressor had recorded 5 badger videos and the E3 had recorded 20 badger videos, only one of which was in daylight. The snared badger was not featured on any video, neither were any pine martens. This did not look very promising, however at 2115 a badger emerged from the upper sett, then one from the lower sett, then suddenly there were four at the upper sett and then a fifth showed briefly. Unfortunately, as I moved in the hide the floor creaked and the badgers all fled. However, they were not away long and at 2200 there were 4 badgers very close to the hide. This activity was most encouraging and will help me decide when to reopen the hide which is becoming urgent as more requests for visits are arriving every day. Sunday was all golf, then on Monday I put together a heap of the items we would require for Saturday's working party at the badger hide, then cut up some of the pine planks ready for the next goldeneye box. On Tuesday I called in at the willow weaving at Milton Loch Woodland, not so much to join in as to discuss with those attending other aspects of BoGWiG's latest projects including the osprey platform, the goldeneye boxes and the upcoming working party for the Badger Hide on Saturday. In the evening I went to the badger hide and removed all four cameras. I sat in the hide for a couple of hours and checked the camera cards. There were quite a few badger videos, some with up to three badgers in the frame, plus one video of a pine marten. While I was there I was treated to the sight of at least five badgers enjoying the peanuts I had scattered. It looks as if things really are settling down, but next Tuesday's public badger watch will be the acid test. On Wednesday I spent the morning wrestling with the settings on two of my Bushnell cameras in readiness for a time-lapse session later in the week. I got there in the end. In the afternoon I built goldeneye nest box No 2.
Thursday 1st Aug to Sun11th Aug
On Thursday I set up two trail cams at Milton Loch ready to take time-lapse shots of the building of an osprey nest platform next morning then, on Friday, bright and early I switched them on before meeting Alban and Fraser who would do the job. They canoed across the loch to the tree in question and sawed and built for three hours while I took photos from every available angle, mostly from very dodgy tufts in bottomless bog. As things turned out the time lapse camera results were disappointing but most of the 'live' shots were fine and here's an example showing the finished article.
Osprey Nest Platform at Boat of Garten
Mon 26th to Sat 31st August
On Monday I reset the sensitivity of both cameras at the golf club to Normal (Auto simply doesn't work for red squirrels) then in the evening I took a super couple for a three-hour session at the badger hide where we had 9 badgers but no pine martens. Tuesday was mostly spent working on the badger Power-point, as were Weds and Thurs but I did squeeze in a visit to the badger hide on Weds to take some fresh badger videos. Also, on Thursday I checked both cameras at the golf club where red squirrels were shown to be active at both the ninth and sixth areas although those at the ninth still had not worked out how to open the lid. Disappointingly, pine martens had not visited the sixth hole area at all in the last four days. On Friday Bea and I met Craig Johnson, raptor enthusiast, to decide where at Milton Loch he might place a kestrel nest box and a nest basket which would also be for kestrels but which a merlin might also use. Apparently both species use old crows nests but since we have no crows in this area the kestrels and merlins might use an artificial substitute. In the afternoon I collected a dead badger from a farm house at Tulloch. It was a female weighing 12kg and had almost certainly been hit by a car; it is now quietly decomposing in undergrowth in a peaceful patch of woodland. On Saturday I did some more work on videos and Power-point, then in the evening I took a young couple from a University in Spain to the badger hide; we had at least six badgers, a buzzard and some woodpeckers. Their enthusiasm impressed me so much that before taking them to their Air B&B I drove them through the village to show them a couple of local wildlife hotspots for them to sample in the coming days.
Sun 1st September to Sunday 8th September
On Mon 2nd I started to build a hedgehog nest box for our next door neighbour using left-over wood from various bird nest box projects. On Tues morning I checked the cameras at the golf club to find lots of squirrel activity at the 6th hole feeder but no pine marten but we had a pine marten at the 9th hole feeder for the first time on camera. The squirrel or squirrels at the 9th still haven't worked out how to lift the lid. On Tues afternoon I nearly managed to finish the hedgehog box but not quite due to the need to crack on with some Scottish Badgers and ScotLink work. Weds and Thurs were mostly domestic duties due to my wife being away and on Friday I got back in the shed to finish the hedgehog box, modify a camera bracket and create a new locking device for the said camera. Later I set up the camera at the badger hide ahead of a weekend of badger watching; a group of six on Saturday and then a lady on her own for two nights on Sunday and Monday. On Saturday I took the said group to the hide where we had 9 badgers but not much else. On Sunday morning I checked the camera at the hide to see what the pine martens had been up to the last two nights; there were two there just before 11pm on Friday night and one at just after 11pm on Saturday night. On Sunday afternoon Be and I helped to 'plant' the willow wolf called Merlin at Milton Loch. There was a nice wee crowd for the occasion. In the evening I took a lady photographer to the hide where we had 7 badgers in view at one point.
Mon 9th to Sun 15th September
On Monday I took the same lady photographer to the hide. Just before we left the hide a fight started between two badgers and almost at once other badgers joined in. The noisy squealing and screaming was like nothing I had ever heard before. The fight travelled quickly up the hill away from the hide so we were able to leave, but we could hear the noises all the way across the field to the car. On Tuesday I collected two damaged feeders from beside the Milton Loch hide and took them home for repair. On Wednesday morning I returned the repaired feeders to Milton Loch and reinstalled them, then in the evening Bea and I attended the Scottish Wildlife Trust North Group event at Eden Court Theatre where the mountaineer, traveller, author and broadcaster Cameron McNeish gave a packed audience his talk "There's Always The Hills" - an excellent evening. The next few days was mostly spent wrestling with failing computers so very little wildlife stuff got done. I did manage a trip to the hide with a lovely couple on Saturday night and I delivered the completed hedgehog nest box to my neighbours who were most appreciative.
Mon 16th to Sun 22nd September
Took two people to the hide on Monday evening. The good news is we had ten badgers in view at one point which equals the all-time record for the hide. The bad news is that one of the badgers was the one with a snare round its neck. It had not been seen since 30th June so we assumed it had died but clearly it had not and there it was, large as life and functioning quite normally with the rest of the clan. One of the other badgers had acquired a cut on its nose and I'm guessing that was inflicted on it during last week's fight. On that point, the badgers seemed generally less calm than normal and there was a lot of jostling for the peanuts so perhaps the clan has become over-large and that is causing competition for space, food and breeding opportunities. All of that is just conjecture and is not to be taken too seriously. Back in the hide on Tuesday with a photographer called Stuart - he got loads of great badger shots. Our snared badger was still around and it looks OK. On Weds an opportunity cropped up to go the Legislative Training Day at the Scottish Parliament on Friday so it was a dash to get train tickets and otherwise get organised. Friday came and it was a long day, starting with getting up at 4.30am to catch the early train and ending at 11pm when I finally got home. It was however very worthwhile indeed and I left the Parliament with a much clearer idea of how it all works. While I was there the Climate Strike marchers filed past the building; I'm told there were 20,000 of them, which would not surprise me, given the amount of time it took for them all to march past. On Saturday Bea and I began sorting the garden for the winter, clearing out the pond and removing the sparrow gallery for repairs. The week ended with a visit to the badger hide with a young lady where we saw at least seven badgers; the snared one was not among them. Looking back, the week has been a bit of a blur, much of it to do with kicking the new and refurbished laptops into shape, such as persuading them to behave themselves when plugged into a projector, so I've probably left all sorts of things out.
Mon 23rd to Mon 30th September
In the morning I did the BTO Dem-On Schedule One returns for crested tits and goldeneye ducks. I've also got lots of small tit records for this year but it's such an awkward process I might not bother. Later I worked on the sparrow gallery and then moved the hedgehog box from under the hedge which is about to be demolished to a safer site. In the evening I took two couple to the hide. The badgers were much slower than usual to come out but in the end it was a terrific session with seven badgers close to the hide at one point. Mid week was mostly domestic stuff, golf and music but I did manage to finish rebuilding the sparrow gallery and check the cameras at the golf club where we recorded no pine martens at all this week but the red squirrels are doing fine, including one that has finally managed to learn to lift the lid of the feeder by the 9th green; up till now they'd all been too thick to work it out. On Friday I took two families to the hide; we had at least 10 different badgers including the one with the snare round its neck.
Tues 1st to Sun 6th October
On Tues I took the bus to Edinburgh to attend the Wildlife Crime Prevention meeting at the Scottish Parliament. It was organised by ScotLink and well Chaired by Colin Smyth MSP with speakers Ian Thomson (birds) and Eddie Palmer (Badgers). Encouragingly, the meeting was attended by a range of interested NGOs plus Scottish Govt, SNH head of licensing and three members of the ECCLR Committee, Mark Ruskell, Claudia Beamish and Alexander Burnett. The Chair went away with a list of actions which could help the situation if the powers that be can be persuaded to implement them. Time will tell. On Weds Bea and I attended Jonathan Willett's talk on Dragonflies, dragonflies (yes there's a difference) and damsel flies. On Thursday I checked the crappy Browning camera at the badger hide feeder which has been monitoring pine marten activity. Amazingly, badgers had been climbing the tree to the feeder almost every night. Pine martens also attended most nights and, with only one exception (8.45pm), always after midnight. On Friday a BoGWiG Group went to the hide where they watched the antics of at least 5 different badgers at close quarters. Saturday saw a gathering of BoGWiG members at Milton Loch where a number of end-of-summer jobs were carried out such as reducing the overgrown vegetation at the duck-platform and erecting the new goldeneye boxes. Some of this was captured on video by the Cairngorms National Park staff for raising awareness and to help with fundraising.
Mon 7th to Sun 13th October
On Monday I did some badger paper work to do with achieving greater protection for badgers. Lately there has been a spate of misinformation and downright lies about badger behaviour as well as some rather odd courtroom decisions on sentencing. Time to get tough. Later I filled up woodland feeders that have been a bit neglected lately. On Tuesday I filled some more feeders at Boat woods, then removed all the cameras at the golf club and at the badger hide. I also moved the feeders at the 6th hole at the golf club and at the badger hide for a variety of reasons. Back at home I checked the cards in the three cameras. Red squirrels are working the lid at the 9th hole at the golf club and the pine martens, at least two different ones, are at the 6th hole feeder most days. At the badger hide, the pine martens were there every night, usually around or after midnight but one also turned up at 1945 one evening. Badgers were regularly climbing the feeder tree but none so far had managed to open it or wreck it, however twice the camera had captured a badger sitting on top of the feeder!
Mon 14th to Sun 20th October
On Wednesday I checked the camera at the badger hide to find that pine martens were not there every night in the past week but when they were it was always after midnight. In the evening I took a family to the hide where we saw 6 badgers but very little else. Even the moths failed to attract bats. Never mind, can't win them all.